Kuwait has known consultation system as the basis of government since 1920 when the first state consultative council was formed in the Gulf and Arab peninsula in the reign of Ahmed Al Jaber. The council consisted of 21 appointed members; Hamad Al Saqer, one of Kuwait's known traders, was elected a chairman. Although the council was short-lived, it was a historical indicator of a serious attempt to create a democratic atmosphere.
Then came the municipal council which comprised 14 members, 10 elected by people and 4 appointed. This council issued all types of decisions and recommendations. In 1938 general elections were conducted and gave rise to the first elected legislative assembly which had 14 members and Sheikh Abdullah Al Salem, the heir apparent at that time - was elected a chairman. Despite that the council did not stay long, it had impact on the Kuwaiti political life. After that a state consultative council was formed but. In 19 June 1961, after liberation, new parliamentary life started by electing the members of the constituent assembly who enacted the state's constitution.